Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed (Rose 2009).

Individual profiles of dyslexia vary considerably as does an individual’s response to these difficulties. The impact of dyslexia on learning and life can range from mild to severe. It may often go unnoticed if a person uses effective compensatory strategies. It may become more noticeable at times of transition e.g. moving from one key stage to another, GCSE’s to A levels, starting University or new employment.

Dyslexia affects:

  • The ability to learn to read accurately and fluently

  • Spelling

  • Hearing particular sounds within words

Dyslexia can also affect:

  • Short-term memory

  • Speed of recalling names or labels

  • Maths